Landfill means landfill, which should normally be away from the city and the city's residence.
There are two methods for Landfile:
- Garbage – An open hole in the land where the garbage is buried and various animals (rats, rats, birds) gather around them.
- Landfill – a structure built from inside or above the ground where waste is separated from the surroundings (groundwater, air, rain). This separation is carried out with an underlying layer and daily soil cover. A sanitary landfill to separate waste from the environment on which clay is poured. It uses artificial solid landfill (MSW) (plastic) to separate waste from the environment.
The purpose of Landfile is to be separated from groundwater, kept dry and not in contact with the air. In these situations, the waste does not decompose much. Landfill is not like a compost mass, where it aims to dispose of waste in a way that decomposes quickly.
The impact of Landfile on people's lives.
Purpose of Landfile
To create a Landfile, the manufacturer must ensure that they follow certain steps. In most parts of the world, there are regulations governing where Landfile is located and how it can function. The whole process begins with someone proposing Landfile.
In the United States, waste care and landfill are local government duties. Before a city or other authorities can build a landfill, an environmental impact study should be conducted at the proposed site to determine:
- Land area required for Landfile
- Composition of underlying soil and substrate
- Surface water flow from the site surface
- The Effect of Proposed Landfile on Local Environment and Wildlife
- Historical or archaeological value of Landfile
Area required for Landfile.
It must first be determined whether there is enough land for Landfile. To think how much land is needed for Landfill, we'll use the example of the site we visited, the North Vic County landfill in Raleigh, North Carolina. The site has Landfill, built in 1997 and is an efficient landfill for waste plastics. The site has 230 hectares of land, but only 70 hectares are dedicated to the actual landfill. The remaining land is for support areas (runoff collection ponds, more garbage collection ponds, waste dumping stations, areas for soil deployment and buffer zones 50 to 100 feet).
Landfil Location Specifications
Second, the composition of the underlying soil and substrate must be determined. Reefs should be waterproof as much as possible to prevent any groundwater leakage from reaching. The substrate should not be broken or cannot be predicted in what waste flows. The site should not be near mines or mines because these structures often deal with groundwater. At the same time, you should be able to have high-water wells in different locations around the site to monitor groundwater or check for any waste leaks from Landfill.
Third, the flow of water over the area should be studied. Additional water should not be discharged from the waste disposal site towards adjacent areas or vice versa. Likewise, you don't want a landfill near rivers, rivers or wetlands so that any possible leaks from landfill do not enter groundwater or watersheds.
Fourth, you need to determine the possible effects of Landfile and possible contamination on local wildlife. For example, don't place Landfile near local or migratory bird nesting areas. After completing the environmental impact study, permits must be obtained from the government. In addition, taxes or municipal bonds must be collected to build and exploit Landfyl.
After completing the environmental impact study, permits are given and money is collected, landfile construction begins. Firstly, in the absence of access to landfill, it should be built. These roads will be used by construction equipment, restrooms and the general public. After creating the roads, landfile can then be excavated.
- Narrow down system – Trash and subsequent discharge are separated from groundwater
- Cell (old and new) – where the waste is stored in Landfill
- Storm water drainage system – collects rainwater located in Landfile
- More garbage water collection system – collects waters that penetrate landfill and contain contaminating materials.
- Methane collection system – collects methane gas that is formed during landfill
- Cover or cap – seal the top of the landfill
Narrow Bottom System
The main purpose of landfill and one of its biggest challenges is to contain the trash so that waste does not cause problems in the environment. The underlying part prevents Landfill from contacting the outside soil, especially groundwater. In plastic landfills, the surface is usually a durable and hole-resistant synthetic plastic (polyethylene, high-density polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride). It is usually 30-100 mm thick. Plastic zinc may also be combined with compressed clays as an additional surface. The plastic face may also be surrounded from both sides by a cloth (geotextile mattress) that can help you prevent landfill plastic from tearing and perforating from rock and gravel layers.